Australian $1 Coins

Issued: 1984 - Present

On May 14th 1984, an aluminum-bronze coin showing a young profile of Queen Elizabeth designed by Arnold Machin, was introduced to replace dollar notes. It proved to be a one-year type as a new effigy with a more pronounced crown, designed by Raphael Maklouf, was introduced in 1985. This, in turn was replaced by a mature portrait of the Queen, designed by Ian Rank-Broadley, on a silver proof in 1998 and on circulation coins in 1999.

This one of the fastest growing and popular areas of collecting, with many of the issues achieving great gains in price.
Collectors of this series should note that several packaging varieties exist, and should seriously consider if a coin is rare for its packaging or its actual numbers struck. Another important consideration is the difference between coins from Mint sets and those struck for circulation. Coins from Mint Sets have been struck at higher pressures with more carefully prepared dies that have been lightly polished and much more care is taken in the handling during manufacture therefore presenting a superior end product.

Prices quoted in catalogues are for the Mint Set or packaged products that are untoned, if coin is from a mint roll or toned reduce price accordingly.
Do not be suckered in by someone telling you that toning is normal for that year or issue and asking full price, you must not accept this as the catalogue price is for perfect untoned coins, anything less than that reduces price.

Coins with the denomination on the obverse will not be listed here, to me they are not part of this series, but an entirely new one which I intend on having nothing to do with.
In the process of adding silver and gold proofs, not yet complete.

Year
Arnold Machin
Mintage

1984 Circulation 185,985,000
Bubble Pack 538,358
1992 Five Coin Set [2] 66,789
Cased Proof 159,340

Year

Raphael Maklouf
1985 - 1998
Mintage

1985 Circulation 91,400,000
1992 Five Coin Set [2] 66,789
Mint Sets 170,000

1986 Year Of Peace
Circulation 25,100,000
1992 Five Coin Set [2] 66,789
Mint Sets 180,000
1990 Dated Silver Proof (1990 Masterpieces in Silver) 24,000(?)

1987 Mint Set Only 180,000

1988 First Fleet Bicentenary
Circulation 20,400,000
1992 Five Coin Set [2] 66,789
Mint Sets 250,000
1988 Masterpieces in Silver (4 Coin Set) 24,970
1990 Dated Silver Proof (1990 Masterpieces in Silver) 24,000(?)
2004 Dated Silver Proof (2004 Masterpieces in Silver) 8,111*

1989 Mint Set Only 150,602

1990 Mint Set Only 106,218
1990 Masterpieces in Silver (3 Coin + Ingot Set) 24,000(?)

1991 Mint Set 169,557
Mint Your Own Dollar 22,500
1991 Masterpieces in Silver (8 Coin Set) 25,000

1992 Barcelona Olympics
Cards 40,496
1992 Five Coin Set [2] 66,789
Mint Sets 118,145
Silver Proof 12,500
Silver Proof (Coin Fair) 2,500

1993 Landcare
Circulation 15,000,000
C 91,993
S 87,939
M 60,104
Mint Sets [1] 113,068
Silver Proof 20,000
Silver Proof (Coin Fair) 5,000

1994 Dollar Decade
C 123,318
S 74,426
M 65,440
Silver Proof 20,000
Silver Proof (Coin Fair) 5,000
2004 Dated Silver Proof (2004 Masterpieces in Silver) 8,111*

1994 Circulation 47,600,000
Mint Sets [1] 129,032

1995 Waltzing Matilda
C 156,453
S 82,810
M 74,255
B 74,353
Silver Proof 20,000
Silver Proof (Coin Fair) 2,500
2004 Dated Silver Proof (2004 Masterpieces in Silver) 8,111*

1995 Circulation 21,422,000
Mint Sets [1] 129,529

1996 Henry Parkes
Circulation 26,200,000
C 272,980
S 72,186
M 38,030
B 41,128
A 29,127
Mint Sets [1] 104,072
Silver Proof 20,000

1997 Sir Charles Kingsford Smith
Dual Card 50,500
Small Head Type
C 244,450
S 89,800
M 48,120
B 40,800
A 33,060
Silver Proof 20,000
Large Head Type
Circulation 24,381,000
Mint Sets [1] 98,443
Silver Proof (Portfolio) 4,000

1998 Howard Florey
C 82,035
S 44,080
M 21,809
B 29,924
A 21,110
Silver Proof 20,000

1998 Circulation 15,391,000
Mint Sets [1] 105,918

Year

Ian Rank-Broadley
1999 -
Mintage

1999 Last Anzacs
C 126,161
S 53,286
M 49,841
B 33,634
A 28,681
Twin Pack- Anzacs & Older Persons 33,922
2000 Dated Joint Issue [3] 47,830
Silver Proof 25,000

1999 Year Of Older Persons
Circulation 29,218,000
Twin Pack- Anzacs & Older Persons 33,922
Mint Sets [1] 105,785
Joint Issue [5] 50,065

2000 Hmas Sydney II
C 71,367
S 34,277
Presentation [7] 2,922
Silver Proof 12,150

2000 Victoria Cross
Folder 49,979
Joint Issue [6] *

2000 Olyphilex
C 72,573
S 98,567

2000 Circulation 7,592,000
Mint Sets [1] 136,670
$1/10c Mule [8] 6,000 (?)

2001 Army
C 125,186
S 38,095
Joint Issue [5] 27,209
Silver Proof 17,839

2001 Navy 62,429

2001 Air Force 94,481

2001 Tri-Service Folder 12,342

2001 Australia's Federation
Circulation 27,905,390
Mint Sets [4] 232,686
Gold Proof (6 Coin Set) 650

2001 Year Of Volunteer 6,000,000

2002 Year Of Outback
Circulation 34,074,000
C 68,447
S 36,931
M 31,694
B 32,698
Mint Sets [1] 101,231
Specimen (Wedding) 3,322
Silver Proof 12,500

2003 Korean War
C 93,572
S 36,091
M 36,142
B 34,949
Silver Proof 15,000

2003 Vietnam Veterans 57,000

2003 Australia's Volunteers
Circulation 4,149,000
Mint Sets [1] 118,260
Specimen (Wedding) 3,249

2003 Women's Suffrage 10,007,000
Boxed VIP Presentation 225

2004 Eureka Stockade
C 70,913
S 35,483
M 28,342
B 32,142
E 89,276
Presentation Folder 50 (?)
Silver Proof 20,000

2004 Circulation 9,565,000
Mint Sets [1] 90,055
Specimen (Wedding) 3,963

2005 60th Anniversary WW II
Circulation 31,607,000
Mint Sets [1] 104,958
Specimen (Wedding) 3,627
Silver Proof (6 coin set) 6,200
Gold Proof (6 Coin Set) 604

2005 90th Anniversary of Gallipoli
C 88,424
S 41,581
M 38,727
B 41,999
G 35,452
Silver Proof 17,749

2005 Circulation Only 5,792,000

2006 Circulation 8,000,000*
Mint Sets [1] 92,381*
Specimen (Wedding) 2,352*
Gold Proof (8 Coin Set) 300

2006 50th Anniversary of Television
C 64,285*
S 39,373*
M 00,000*
B 44,525*
TV 46,370*
Silver Proof 8,300*
Silver Proof (ANDA, A Mintmark) 3,000*

2006 Melbourne Commonwealth Games
M 58,505*

2006 Ocean Series (Colourised)
Flipper 00,000
Nemo 00,000

2007 Norman Lindsay
Unc Baby Set Only 00,000

2007 100th Anniversary Lifesavers
Circulation 00,000,000
Mint Sets 000,000
Specimen (Wedding) 0,000
Silver Proof (6 coin set) 0,000
Gold Proof (6 Coin Set) 300

2007 75th Anniversary of the Sydney Harbour Bridge
C 00,000
S 00,000
M 00,000
B 00,000
Silver Proof 12,500

2007 Ocean Series (Colourised)
Longfin Bannerfish 00,000
Biscuit Star 00,000

2007 APEC 00,000,000

* Mintages to June 2006



  • [1] Mint Set numbers include Baby Sets, same coins different packaging.

  • [2] 5 Coin Set released to collectors. The RAM maintains coins in this set are re strikes, thus are an additional amount to earlier figures.

  • [3] 2000 Anzac coin has no mintmark and is dated 2000, released in a joint issue by the RAM and Australia Post.

  • [4] Includes coins made for 3 coin Uncirculated sets and 20 coin Uncirculated set as well as Baby sets.

  • [5] Released in a joint issue by the RAM and Australia Post as a Postal Numismatic Cover. ( PNC )

  • [6] The RAM maintains that the PNCs are an additional number to the mintage given above however there is no mention in the annual reports of any other VC coins being made. Australia Post say they do not keep such figures and all the other coins made for PNCs are mentioned elsewhere.

  • [7] A "S" mint marked coin , presented in a specially overprinted folder to VIP's aboard HMAS Sydney for the launch of the coins on 20th May 2000.
    Information provided by Anton Porzig, former head of marketing at the RAM. ( 1 May 2004 )

    "The coin pack was exactly the same as the standard year 2000 'S' mintmark pack, except for a small inscription across the top of the front panel..... According the Greg MacDonald's pocket book some 2922 were originally produced in this pack format. this is correct but according to memory only some 250, maybe max 300 were actually given out at the launch, the rest returned to the mint and the coins removed from the packs which would have been destroyed. each of the VIP's attending received one and the mint asked that each sailor and officer on board receive one...."

  • [8] A standard $1 coin but struck using the obverse die for the 10c which is slightly smaller. Estimates of the number in circulation vary from 600 to 6,000. The figure of 6,000 comes from some decimal researchers who have searched through over 4.5 million $1 coins.
    See the 2000 Mule Registry for pictures of ones found thus far.

Nominal Specifications
Denomination: $1
Metal: 92% Copper
2% Nickel
6% Aluminum
Mass: 9 grams
Diameter: 25 mm
Revision #1,234,567,880 Mk MMVII Draft No 124 Copy 2A#4-667-6898-GRRR
08 April 07